barge board - a board that conceals
roof timbers projecting over gables .
beam - a long piece of wood or steel
that supports the roof (in a group can form a truss).
cornice - the overhanging part of the
roof (the part that sticks out past the walls).
eave - the beam ends of the roof that
create the cornice and allow water to drip off away from the building's
fascia - the edge of the cornice.
gable - triangular roof.
rafter - parallel beams that support
a roof (similar to how joists support floors and ceilings).
soffit- the underside of the eave.
truss - a framework of beams (like
ribs) that support the roof (usually triangular).
A very triangular roof, the gable allows rain and snow to
run off easily.
This is like the gable roof, but has two parts that cross.
A flat roof is exactly that - flat. It is easy to build
and uses few materials.
A French gable roof. The difference is that the mansard
has a flat area at the top instead of being perfectly triangular. These
are common in French Chateau houses and Second Empire style houses.
A low-pitched roof that allows rain and snow to run off
easily, the hipped roof also allows for large eaves on a building.
Similar to a hipped roof, but this roof has two parts
that cross .
A hipped roof that forms a pyramid shape.
Similar to a gable roof, as it allows rain and snow to
run off easily. This is one of the easiest roofs to build.
Similar to a gable roof, but the two sides of it are not
This roof looks more bell-like than triangular when
viewed from the side. It is like a flattened gable roof. Many farms have